This article, published in “The Gospel Coalition,” is adapted from a speech the author gave in May 2016. He does an excellent job laying out a Biblical foundation for bringing refugees into the US. No tweetable platitudes here–sound theology.
I do have one disagreement though–In the author’s fourth “Biblical truth”: “Though God generally establishes government for the protection of all people, he specifically commands his church to provide for his people”, I believe the author provides an unsupportable excuse to prefer Christian refugees over non-Christians. I don’t believe a comprehensive reading of Jesus allows his followers to show preference.
- The author supports his point with one passage from Matthew 25, focusing on the word “brothers” when Jesus says that what we do, or don’t do, for the least of these, we did, or didn’t do for him. The Greek word translated “brother” in this passage has a base meaning of “flesh and blood male sibling,” but culturally the Jews used it to mean fellow Jews, and the Greeks and Romans of the day used it to mean “compatriots.” Taken by itself, one could infer, as the author does, that Jesus was talking about taking care of fellow disciples of Jesus. But we shouldn’t interpret a stand-alone passage of Scripture to build a comprehensive understanding of Jesus’ way of thinking. Consider other teachings of his:
- In Luke 10 we read Jesus teaching one of his most well-known stories–the parable of the Good Samaritan. Jesus tells of a man who is beaten, robbed, and left on the side of the road. His fellow Jews, his “brothers,” pass by without helping, because they have good legal or religious reasons not to help. A hated enemy, from a race of people whom the Jews of the day considered inferior people, stops and goes to great trouble and personal expense to help the wounded Jew, even though society would say he was well in his right to leave the Jew to die. The story by itself should convict us, but it is important to note why Jesus tells the story: He’s answering a question. A religious expert asks Jesus what the man must do to earn God’s favor. Jesus asks the man what the Scriptures say. The man replies with the correct answer: Love God with your entire being, and love your neighbor as yourself. Jesus tells the man that he has given a good answer, but the man isn’t satisfied, because this answer is too open-ended. It requires self sacrifice. The man seeks to clarify, asking, “And who is my neighbor?” The man is looking for a way out–a way to show that he is good enough for God, without having to sacrifice. THAT is when Jesus tells the story. He ends the story with a question back to the religious man: “Who do you think was a neighbor to the man who was robbed–his fellow Jews, or the low-life?” When the man answers, “The one who had mercy on him,” Jesus affirms his understanding by saying, “Go and do likewise.”
- In the teaching on the Good Samaritan, Jesus is explicitly answering the question, “who is my neighbor (or brother)?” Earlier in Luke’s account of Jesus’ life and teachings, Jesus makes a similarly difficult point: “Love your enemy.” This passage is one that gets a lot of “interpretation” (read qualifying) to help make it more palatable. A straight-forward reading of the text is pretty easy to comprehend, and totally incongruent with what we believe to be “right.” A more nuanced reading, with the benefit of some Greek background and cultural understanding of Jesus’ day makes this even more difficult to swallow. Jesus isn’t talking about “enemy” like a foreign army. He’s talking about anyone who isn’t “in your circle.” To his immediate audience, this was anyone outside your family, or your community, and even outside the Jewish religion. When he says “love,” Jesus doesn’t mean to have warm feelings for them; Jesus is saying “do good things for them, even when it isn’t in your best interest to do so!” In case you want to argue with him, he even expounds on his point in the latter part of the passage, saying, “Don’t be proud of yourself for loving those who are in your circle–even evil people do that. My followers will love those who are outside their circle!” And then he drives the point home: “Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.” We were all outside God’s circle, but he sacrificed so we could be brought back in–he sacrificed at a great price.
- Full disclosure: I despise the thought of Christians being killed because they are follow Jesus. It makes me sad, angry, and vengeful, to be honest. Nik Ripken, a former missionary to Somalia who has extensively studied Christianity in closed cultures, writes in his book “The Insanity of Obedience: Walking with Jesus in Tough Places” that these martyred Christians have a better understanding of Jesus’ teachings than we do! When Jesus teaches in his Sermon on the Mount,
“Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil things against you because of me. Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” (Matthew 5:11-12)
he is telling us to “Rejoice and be glad!” In another teaching, Jesustells us that he is sending us out like “sheep among wolves.” He’s not telling us to be mindless here, because he follows that statement with the directive to be as shrewd as snakes, but innocent as doves.” However, he also tells a parable in Luke 15 about how important it is for people who don’t know Jesus to be connected to him. He tells a story of a man who has 100 sheep, but loses one. He leaves the 99 in the open country (where they are most susceptible to attack) to go find the one. He tells of the man calling all his neighbors to celebrate when he finds the one, and then says, “In the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need to repent.”
While I’m in no way wishing martyrdom on any Christian, could it be that if Jesus wants us to show preference to refugees, that we should be more concerned with providing refuge to those who don’t know him than those who do? As Ripken describes in his book, many Arabic Christians who have converted from Islam point out that American Christians are soft. They are more concerned with getting former Muslims to safety outside their Arabic nation, but the Arab understands that Jesus has called him to risk his life to tell his Muslim brother the Good News! Rather than taking these indigenous missionaries out of the country, perhaps we should be preferring (if any religious preference is indeed necessary) to provide refuge to Muslims who can then experience the life-saving love of Jesus!
If you’re not a Jesus follower, I don’t expect you to agree with this. I’m ok with you disagreeing, because you aren’t claiming to submit yourself to Jesus’ teachings and leadership. But if you call yourself a “Christian”, literally a “little Christ,” I would encourage you to examine whether you are showing beliefs and attitudes that are more in line with Jesus’ teaching, or with a need for safety and security.